With the aim of supporting Malaysia’s progress toward ratification of the Additional Protocol (AP) and preparation of its AP declarations, the ISCN held a seminar and a workshop respectively in Putrajaya and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for universities and institutes, co-hosted by the Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) from August 6 to 7, 2014. The number of participants added up to 37, including the Director General and Directors of the AELB, and a professor from the National University of Malaysia (UKM) from the Malaysian side, while the overseas participants comprised one each from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Oak Ridge National Laboratory/ the U.S. Department of Energy, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan (MOFA) and the Nuclear Material Control Center (NMCC), and four staff members from the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA).
During the seminar, the IAEA expounded safeguards, especially giving a comprehensive explanation of the expanded declarations under the AP and complementary access. Moreover, the MOFA elaborated on the importance of universalization of the AP from the perspective of Japan, which promotes implementation of the AP. The Malaysian side reported on the current status of responses taken by the AELB as a regulator, followed by an explanation that Malaysia and the IAEA have been working on AP declarations on a trial basis since 2012.
During the workshop, with the participation of trainees from both the regulator side (AELB) and the operator side (universities and institutes), the NMCC introduced Japan’s initiatives toward the AP following a lecture given by the IAEA for general understanding of the AP. Furthermore, based on JAEA’s experiences in the trial process of the AP, some transitional and pending issues at the time were pointed out in regard to AP declarations, including the concept of basic research and safety-related issues.
The DOE discussed in its lecture R&D to be declared under the AP by citing specific challenges as examples. Discussions on these challenges were further advanced by breaking up into smaller groups with all the lecturers. Lively discussions were expanded as the subjects were the issues that Malaysia is currently facing. This improved the participants’ understanding of AP declarations by Malaysia, namely what is to be actually declared.