The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) co-organized the subject workshop with the Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC) and the Jordan Nuclear Regulatory Commission (JNRC). This workshop was held at a hotel in Amman and was the subsequent event of the seminar entitled, “Seminar on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Nonproliferation in Jordan,” which was held also in Amman, in January 2013. This time, the workshop focused on the safeguards area, with the intention to provide practical training with hands-on exercises. There were 21 participants from the Jordanian side, most of whom were involved in regulatory activities. From the Japanese, organizer side, there were four and two persons from JAEA and the IAEA, respectively. In total, about 30 people attended the workshop.
The chairman of JAEC gave opening remarks at the beginning of the workshop. In his remarks, he focused on the current situation of the nuclear program in Jordan and on the recognition of the importance of establishing a safeguards system. A representative from the Embassy of Japan in Jordan attended both the opening and closing sessions.
On the first day of the workshop, lecturers from the IAEA explained the concept of the IAEA’s safeguards, especially matters related to shifting from a Small Quantities Protocol (SQP) to a regular Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (CSA). Jordan is now at this stage of implementing a CSA because of their plan to start the operation of a research reactor. In addition, the lecturers also explained the reporting that the Additional Protocol (AP) requires for Jordan’s plan to mine their uranium resources. Active question-and-answer sessions were held based on those lectures. JAEA’s lecturers also explained the status of the implementation of safeguards in Japan.
On the second day, the participants learned, in particular, the current status of nuclear-power development in Jordan and the current measures taken in the safeguards field. The specific subjects included the contents of the safeguards reports to be submitted to the IAEA, and case studies of transfers of various nuclear materials. Also, exercise sessions were carried out in order to practice how to prepare the actual reports.
Thanks to the active involvement of the participants, many of whom are in charge of practical tasks in their daily jobs, there were many questions and discussions. These discussions seemed to help deepen the participants’ understanding of the content of the workshop. The feedback from the participants after the workshop indicated that they also highly appreciated the exercises.
The enthusiasm of the IAEA lecturers also greatly contributed to making this workshop a valuable opportunity for Jordan in this initial stage of the development of its safeguards.