ISCN held a workshop on “Collaboration with Outside Organizations for Strengthening Nuclear Security” on September 4 and 5, 2012. The workshop was cohosted by the World Institute for Nuclear Security (WINS). This two-day workshop focused on discussions over the importance of collaboration and cooperation between practitioners and security authorities. The number of participants was 63 participants, including nuclear operators, regulatory authorities, security authorities, and other relevant governmental officials.
This workshop was the second workshop that ISCN and WINS cohosted; the first workshop together was held in March 2012, entitled“Nuclear Security and Corporate Governance in Post-3/11 Japan”.
At the beginning of the workshop, Mr. Nobutada Sugimoto, Director of Civil Nuclear Security Office of the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) made a keynote speech about the efforts made in Japan towards the strengthening of nuclear security and the role of nuclear operators. In this speech, he expressed the importance of strengthening collaboration with regulatory and security authorities and of further information sharing among them.
For this workshop, a “theatre-based training session” was employed in the same way as in the last workshop in March, 2012. In this session, professional actors acted out two specific scenarios that were set in a fictional town. The performances were followed by discussions by participants.
In the first scenario, a terrorist attack to a nuclear power station occurred. The terrorist had previously accessed information about the site of the station through the internet and entered the station when a typhoon was approaching the area. However, a security guard did not report an abnormality of the protective equipment in the facility before the attack. As a result, that failure allowed the terrorist’s infiltration; and various problems, such as a lack of communications between the station and security authorities, emerged.
In the second scenario, other nuclear power stations learned about the terrorist attack later. The possibility of sharing information about nuclear security among the nuclear power stations was explored. Such information sharing might lead to an alliance of domestic nuclear-energy institutions.
After the sessions, a facilitator led the participants through discussions about problems and improvements in the scenarios, potential terrorist attacks to their own organizations, countermeasures against such attacks, their own roles in such situations, etc.
Feedback from the participants showed that the theatre-based sessions provided a more realistic sense of terrorism threats than general lectures or presentations. The actors’ performance was also highly appreciated for its drama and sense of tension.
Many participants commented that the session style contributed to concrete discussions. Overall, the workshop was well received and regarded as highly productive.